Day1: March 25, 2019
Location: Rome, Italy
Dr Nevena Ilic has completed her subspecialization in Endocrinology at Belgrade University Medical School in 2009 and Master’s degree in Thyroid Diseases in Italy 2014. She completed Internal medicine specialization at Military Medical Academy Hospital, Belgrade in 2002. From 2014 she works as Prime Endocrinologist at Euromedik General Hospital, Belgrade where she organized endocrinology service and several Symposiums in Belgrade and Rome where she was a speaker. She spoke at several international congresses. She has published 23 papers in reputed journals. She is a member of European and Italian Endocrinology Society.
Epidemiological studies in last ten years have shown that 30-50 % of obese men have lower testosterone levels for age. Patophysiological mechanisms of so called “dysmetabolic hypogonadism” are complex and they involve cytokine (TNF , IL 1, IL 6) and adpokine (leptin) secretion, insulin resistance, abnormal turnover of many hormones due to an endocrine axis changes (GNRH-LH-testosterone, GH-IGF-1, TSH-T4,T3, ACTH-cortisol) and obstructive sleep apnea with disturbed REM sleep phase. Low testosterone level causes body composition changes with higher total body fat percentage and loss of muscle mass. High body fat worsens insulin resistance which increases weight gain and obesity, creating a “vicious cycle”. Consequences of low testosterone level in obese men are higher risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, cancer, infertility, erectile dysfunction, bone loss, bone marrow changes depression, Alzheimer disease and higher overall mortality. The dilemma is weather to treat these patients with hormone replace therapy or not. Recent studies have shown positive results in metabolic response such as better lipid status and increased insulin sensitivity, weight loss, body composition changes with a decrease of fat mass and increase of muscle mass in patients treated with testosterone replacement therapy. Further studies are required to prove if this kind of treatment decreases mortality risk.
Day2: March 26, 2019
- Internal Medicine and Patient care
Location: Rome, Italy
Dr. Liakou has completed her MD, PhD degree from the University of Athens Greece. She completed her post-doctoral fellowship at University of Texas and medical residency at the University of Kentucky. She is certified in Evidence-Based Project Management from the Australian National University. She has published more than 10 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute journals. She is the Scientific Director of LK Medical.
A 27 year old female with not significant past medical history had a behind the ear swollen, painful lymph node for the duration of two months. She was initially treated with antibiotics for otitis or other non specific ear inflammation without any improvement. She continue to have symptoms and lymphadenopathy and she was hospitalized for further investigation. Imaging studies, infectious disease work-up and hematological work-up did not show anything specific. A lymph node biopsy was performed which showed Kibuchi lymphadenopathy.